Cannabis Information

Scientific Names

Cannabis sativa, Cannabis sativa forma indica, cannabis ruderalis

Pharmacology

The main psychoactive constituent of the Cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). In addition, the plant is known to contain greater than sixty cannabinoids most of which are produced in trace amounts. Besides THC, another cannabinoid produced in high concentrations by some plants is cannabidiol (CBD), which has non-psychoactive properties and has recently been the ingredient of great interest amongst researchers. Differences in the chemical composition of the Cannabis constituents may produce different effects in humans.

tetrahydrocannabinolcannabidiol

 

Chemical constituents

Greater than 459 natural compounds have been identified in the cannabis plant. 14% of the identified compounds are Cannabinoids. 25% of the identified compounds are terpenes which are responsible for the aroma characteristic. The remaining identified compounds include hydrocarbons, amino acids, and nitrogenous compounds.

Areas of Research Interest for Cannabinoids

  • Analgesic
  • Anticonvulsive
  • Sedative
  • Anti-depressive
  • Hypnotic
  • Aesthetic
  • Appetite Stimulants
  • Antiemetic
  • Anti-migraine
  • Anti-neurologic

Connecticut Approved Indications

  • For Adults, Debilitating Medical Conditions Include:
    • Cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Positive Status for Human Immunodeficiency Virus or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    • Parkinson’s Disease
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Damage to the Nervous Tissue of the Spinal Cord with Objective Neurological Indication of Intractable Spasticity
    • Epilepsy
    • Cachexia
    • Wasting Syndrome
    • Crohn’s Disease
    • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Sickle Cell Disease
    • Post Laminectomy Syndrome with Chronic Radiculopathy
    • Severe Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis
    • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
    • Ulcerative Colitis
    • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Cystic Fibrosis
    • Irreversible Spinal Cord Injury with Objective Neurological Indication of Intractable Spasticity
    • Terminal Illness Requiring End-Of-Life Care
    • Uncontrolled Intractable Seizure Disorder

    For Patients Under 18, Debilitating Medical Conditions Include:

    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Cystic Fibrosis
    • Irreversible Spinal Cord Injury with Objective Neurological Indication of Intractable Spasticity
    • Severe Epilepsy
    • Terminal Illness Requiring End-Of-Life Care
    • Uncontrolled Intractable Seizure Disorder

Bodily effects of Cannabis

Eyes

  • Reddening
  • Decreased intra-ocular pressure
  • Mouth
  • Dryness

Skin

  • Sensation of hot or cold

Heart

  • Increased heart rate

Muscles

  • Relaxation